Garden design is the art and procedure of making and designing plans for the design and layout of landscapes and gardens. The word ‘design’ comes from the Greek word ‘designus’, which means ‘to plan’. The term has become increasingly used to describe various planning and design activities, including architecture, painting, literature, television, and music. Garden design can be performed by the individual garden owner or trained professionals of varying professional levels of skill and experience. All have a role to play in making beautiful gardens for their own enjoyment and providing food and other living creatures.
One of the first significant advances in garden design Adelaide came about sixty years ago with the planting of ‘garden pines’ or fruit trees. It was followed up with planting potted plants on raised beds, often using these pines to provide privacy and shelter from the elements, which were especially important in northern regions. These modern garden styles are still widely used today. However, there has been some movement away from more open and welcoming designs in recent years.
In the past few decades, cottage garden styles have become increasingly popular. These gardens designed with an overall rustic and homogenous feel, often containing very simple structures made of concrete, stone and bricks, with perhaps a patio area or maybe a small wooded section. Cottage garden design can be highly stylish, incorporating traditional garden features such as stone walls and stone pathways. Many cottage gardens have one or two distinct aspects of a traditional garden, such as a pond or some other natural feature, integrated into the design. However, cottage garden styles are not necessarily ‘natural’. For example, many cottages are built with stone walls around the cottage, and there is little to suggest they have been ‘planting’ the garden.
Because of the increasing popularity of cottage garden design Adelaide, there has also been an increased use of non-native plants. These plants may include cacti, ginseng, herbs, hedges, trees, and flowers and sometimes include traditional garden plants such as wheat and strawberries. The aim here is to create an integrated look. The various parts of the garden complement each other, rather than creating a clutter-look.
As well as incorporating more traditional plants and features, the landscape architects of today are following the trends in garden design to try to make their gardens as sustainable as possible. An excellent example of this is incorporating wind turbines in some of the garden areas. Wind turbines are very efficient and effective, providing an alternative energy source for those who wish to employ them in their gardens. They will also provide a pleasant background to any garden, offsetting the effect of any outdoor lighting that may currently be on the garden. Some people even use solar panels to help offset the cost of running wind turbines.
Another popular trend in landscaping is to use a combination of plants and features that can complement each other to make one garden-style seem natural and without appearing over-designed or over-emphasized. It has become extremely popular with those with a more natural-looking garden style. It would like their garden to have an earthy and homely feel. For instance, stone garden pavers are often used, with the paving taking the place of the natural soil of the garden.
An important consideration in some of the more traditional garden styles is using materials such as brick, stones, tiles, and stone to construct the garden. The use of these materials in traditional gardens is not a new concept. The use of materials such as these is not unique to conventional gardens. Still, it has been used for years in other landscaping styles. These materials can provide a rugged and enduring feel to the garden and are not dependent on the weather to survive.
Traditional garden styles are generally based around a central focus point, such as a garden hearth or fireplace. It can be achieved by carefully using landscaping features such as stone walls and planting large plants at the focal point. Other elements are then incorporated into the garden around this central feature. Some examples of these features include stone pathways and large plants at the focal point. With this type of landscaping, it is possible to create a garden that looks like it was built yesterday rather than something that requires a significant amount of time and investment to become established.